Unfolding the Story of the Heart-Shaped Box

The heart-shaped box borders on cliché as a symbol of Valentine’s Day. Whether you deride it, secretly pine for it, or outright request it, I’ll bet even money you’ve unwrapped the ribbon and slid the lid off a satiny coeur de chocolat at least once in your life. But in your eagerness to gobble the chocolates inside, have you ever paused to think about the package itself?

For almost half a century, Joe Ehrenfeld certainly did. To him, the box wasn’t a cliché, it was a cash cow, the guaranteed moneymaker for the business he ran, A. Klein & Co. in New York City.

As his daughter, Joanne Okuhn, tells the story, her great-uncle Adolph Klein had been the founder and proprietor of a small company specializing in heart-shaped boxes since the very early 1900s. Adolph’s nephew Ehrenfeld had been in dental school but came aboard to help out, and ended up expanding the business to become the premier Valentine’s box manufacturer in the country.

A. Klein & Co. created signature designs for all the big guns of the chocolate world; See’s Candies in California, Whitman’s in Philadelphia, Bazzini in New York, Schrafft’s in Boston, Barton’s in little old Allentown, PA, all had their boxes produced with Ehrenfeld and team. Though the company specialized in Valentine’s Day packaging, it produced bespoke boxes as well, and did it all at its five-story showroom, factory, and office at 113-115 West 17th Street. (Not only is the building no longer there, the address no longer exists; it’s been subsumed by Crema Restaurant at #111 and an apartment building at 117.)

The secret, according to Okuhn, to the heart-shaped boxes’ singular success was their patented design: A. Klein boxes were the only Valentine’s packages to sport a seamless ribbon. In the days of elaborate lacy ruffles and satin whorls, A. Klein put its own stamp on the heavily ornamented cardboard carriages for chocolate confections. Candymakers were more than appreciative of Ehrenfeld’s efforts—Okuhn recalls special deliveries of exclusive candy bar flavors arriving at the family’s New Jersey home for her to taste.

a. klein heart-shaped box patent
Ehrenfeld ran the company as a “benevolent despot” (in his daughter’s words) until his retirement, when he sold the company—and guaranteed continued employment for his workers under the incoming leadership. “Everyone from Mo the elevator operator to Becky and her coworkers on the line kept their job if they wanted it,” Okuhn remembers. A. Klein also sold its building in Chelsea and moved operations to a factory in Long Island City until 1971, when new owner Jesse Salwen took A. Klein a few states south to North Carolina.

Though Ehrenfeld and Adolph Klein had little interest in making packages for many holidays beyond Valentine’s Day, in later years, Salwen created Easter boxes for the White House during the G.W. Bush years and developed intricate perfume boxes for Oscar de la Renta. This American manufacturing tale, however, ended in a sadly familiar way: the recession caught up with A Klein & Co. and Salwen closed its doors in 2008.

Russell Stover Valentine's box
The company may be gone, but its imprint endures. Though no longer as intricate as in days of old, the boxes stacked high at every Walgreen’s and Wegman’s throughout the country each February are testament to the innovation of A. Klein and Mr. Joe Ehrenfeld. It’s not a cliché or a fallback gift after all; it’s an iconic Valentine that spread across America direct from the heart of New York City.

FTC Disclosure: Good. Food. Stories. is an Amazon.com affiliate and receives a minuscule commission on all purchases made through Amazon links in our posts. If you'd like to support the site further, please use this link or click the Amazon links in the sidebar to make your purchases.

Get it While it’s Hot!

Sign up to receive the latest Good. Food. Stories. while they are still piping hot, directly to your inbox.


  1. Sheryl says

    Great story. He should have gone on to become a dentist, though…he would have had lots of business from all the people eating their candy :)

    • Casey BarberCasey Barber says

      MyKids, it’s amazing what you can find on Google – though I was lucky enough to talk with Mr. Ehrenfeld’s daughter, she had very little in terms of paperwork and there wasn’t much information online either. But a lot of sleuthing turned up that gem of a patent filing! The family is so excited to have a copy of it as well.

  2. says

    I am in love with cool packaging. It’s a little quirk of mine. Big Island Candies does an amazing job of packaging their products. I love to walk in and see how their displays change each season – I wish you could see it. Thanks for this story; really fascinating, but sad that the recession took them out.

  3. Marissa K. says

    My grandma worked for this company when she was in her early twenties in the 1940s when she came to NYC from SC. She was the first black person to be hired at the factory, and said it was the best job she ever had. She still remembers the names of her coworkers and how well everyone got along. Says that her bosses were especially lovely to her. She still remembers even though she’s almost 90, now and says A. Kline made “the most beautiful boxes anyone ever wanted to see.” I hope someone will pass this along to the family :)